This manual is prepared by collective of Theoretical Surgery and Oncology Department of V.I. Razumovsky Saratov State Medical University. This manual includes modern conceptions of basic surgical diseases, studied by students of medical institutes of higher education during the course of “Theoretical Surgery” and “Surgical Diseases”. There are 14 topics on surgical pathology of different organs presented in the manual. Every topic contains detailed descriptions of etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and methods of surgical treatment of many surgical diseases. Logically presented material with original compelling diagrams, tables, photographies, pictures and only short straight text fragments contribute to fast and firm understanding and learning. There are test tasks in the application – 50 test tasks on every topic. The manual is written in compliance with requirements of Federal State Educational standards of the higher professional education by specialities Medical care and Pediatrics. The manual is assigned for medical students of specialities 31.05.01 “Medical work”, 31.05.02 “Pediatrics”. It can also be useful for interns, residents, post-graduate students and teachers of surgical departments. This edition is simultaneous interpretation of the manual published in Russian.